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It is not only the return of a positive drugs test that can result in an Anti-Doping Rule Violation (ADRV). There are ten ADRVs that can result in a sanction.
Rule violations are not only applicable to athletes. Coaches or athlete support personnel could be liable for violations such as tampering with the doping control process or trafficking banned substances.
An ADRV is committed if:
Committing an ADRV means that an athlete, coach or athlete support person could be liable for a sanction which may include a ban from the sport. The sanction for intentional cheating is 4 years for the first offence and there is less leniency for carelessness – you are likely to receive a 2-year or more ban for inadvertent doping.
If banned, the athlete, coach or athlete support person cannot participate in their sport, or any other sport which follows WADA rules. In some circumstances, the ban can be a lifetime ban and this can happen on the first offence.